= $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'posts'; $this->query_where .= " AND $wpdb->users.ID IN ( SELECT DISTINCT $posts_table.post_author FROM $posts_table WHERE $posts_table.post_status = 'publish' AND $posts_table.post_type IN ( " . implode( ', ', $post_types ) . ' ) )'; } // nicename if ( '' !== $qv['nicename'] ) { $this->query_where .= $wpdb->prepare( ' AND user_nicename = %s', $qv['nicename'] ); } if ( ! empty( $qv['nicename__in'] ) ) { $sanitized_nicename__in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $qv['nicename__in'] ); $nicename__in = implode( "','", $sanitized_nicename__in ); $this->query_where .= " AND user_nicename IN ( '$nicename__in' )"; } if ( ! empty( $qv['nicename__not_in'] ) ) { $sanitized_nicename__not_in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $qv['nicename__not_in'] ); $nicename__not_in = implode( "','", $sanitized_nicename__not_in ); $this->query_where .= " AND user_nicename NOT IN ( '$nicename__not_in' )"; } // login if ( '' !== $qv['login'] ) { $this->query_where .= $wpdb->prepare( ' AND user_login = %s', $qv['login'] ); } if ( ! empty( $qv['login__in'] ) ) { $sanitized_login__in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $qv['login__in'] ); $login__in = implode( "','", $sanitized_login__in ); $this->query_where .= " AND user_login IN ( '$login__in' )"; } if ( ! empty( $qv['login__not_in'] ) ) { $sanitized_login__not_in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $qv['login__not_in'] ); $login__not_in = implode( "','", $sanitized_login__not_in ); $this->query_where .= " AND user_login NOT IN ( '$login__not_in' )"; } // Meta query. $this->meta_query = new WP_Meta_Query(); $this->meta_query->parse_query_vars( $qv ); if ( isset( $qv['who'] ) && 'authors' === $qv['who'] && $blog_id ) { $who_query = array( 'key' => $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'user_level', 'value' => 0, 'compare' => '!=', ); // Prevent extra meta query. $qv['blog_id'] = 0; $blog_id = 0; if ( empty( $this->meta_query->queries ) ) { $this->meta_query->queries = array( $who_query ); } else { // Append the cap query to the original queries and reparse the query. $this->meta_query->queries = array( 'relation' => 'AND', array( $this->meta_query->queries, $who_query ), ); } $this->meta_query->parse_query_vars( $this->meta_query->queries ); } $roles = array(); if ( isset( $qv['role'] ) ) { if ( is_array( $qv['role'] ) ) { $roles = $qv['role']; } elseif ( is_string( $qv['role'] ) && ! empty( $qv['role'] ) ) { $roles = array_map( 'trim', explode( ',', $qv['role'] ) ); } } $role__in = array(); if ( isset( $qv['role__in'] ) ) { $role__in = (array) $qv['role__in']; } $role__not_in = array(); if ( isset( $qv['role__not_in'] ) ) { $role__not_in = (array) $qv['role__not_in']; } if ( $blog_id && ( ! empty( $roles ) || ! empty( $role__in ) || ! empty( $role__not_in ) || is_multisite() ) ) { $role_queries = array(); $roles_clauses = array( 'relation' => 'AND' ); if ( ! empty( $roles ) ) { foreach ( $roles as $role ) { $roles_clauses[] = array( 'key' => $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'capabilities', 'value' => '"' . $role . '"', 'compare' => 'LIKE', ); } $role_queries[] = $roles_clauses; } $role__in_clauses = array( 'relation' => 'OR' ); if ( ! empty( $role__in ) ) { foreach ( $role__in as $role ) { $role__in_clauses[] = array( 'key' => $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'capabilities', 'value' => '"' . $role . '"', 'compare' => 'LIKE', ); } $role_queries[] = $role__in_clauses; } $role__not_in_clauses = array( 'relation' => 'AND' ); if ( ! empty( $role__not_in ) ) { foreach ( $role__not_in as $role ) { $role__not_in_clauses[] = array( 'key' => $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'capabilities', 'value' => '"' . $role . '"', 'compare' => 'NOT LIKE', ); } $role_queries[] = $role__not_in_clauses; } // If there are no specific roles named, make sure the user is a member of the site. if ( empty( $role_queries ) ) { $role_queries[] = array( 'key' => $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id ) . 'capabilities', 'compare' => 'EXISTS', ); } // Specify that role queries should be joined with AND. $role_queries['relation'] = 'AND'; if ( empty( $this->meta_query->queries ) ) { $this->meta_query->queries = $role_queries; } else { // Append the cap query to the original queries and reparse the query. $this->meta_query->queries = array( 'relation' => 'AND', array( $this->meta_query->queries, $role_queries ), ); } $this->meta_query->parse_query_vars( $this->meta_query->queries ); } if ( ! empty( $this->meta_query->queries ) ) { $clauses = $this->meta_query->get_sql( 'user', $wpdb->users, 'ID', $this ); $this->query_from .= $clauses['join']; $this->query_where .= $clauses['where']; if ( $this->meta_query->has_or_relation() ) { $this->query_fields = 'DISTINCT ' . $this->query_fields; } } // Sorting. $qv['order'] = isset( $qv['order'] ) ? strtoupper( $qv['order'] ) : ''; $order = $this->parse_order( $qv['order'] ); if ( empty( $qv['orderby'] ) ) { // Default order is by 'user_login'. $ordersby = array( 'user_login' => $order ); } elseif ( is_array( $qv['orderby'] ) ) { $ordersby = $qv['orderby']; } else { // 'orderby' values may be a comma- or space-separated list. $ordersby = preg_split( '/[,\s]+/', $qv['orderby'] ); } $orderby_array = array(); foreach ( $ordersby as $_key => $_value ) { if ( ! $_value ) { continue; } if ( is_int( $_key ) ) { // Integer key means this is a flat array of 'orderby' fields. $_orderby = $_value; $_order = $order; } else { // Non-integer key means this the key is the field and the value is ASC/DESC. $_orderby = $_key; $_order = $_value; } $parsed = $this->parse_orderby( $_orderby ); if ( ! $parsed ) { continue; } if ( 'nicename__in' === $_orderby || 'login__in' === $_orderby ) { $orderby_array[] = $parsed; } else { $orderby_array[] = $parsed . ' ' . $this->parse_order( $_order ); } } // If no valid clauses were found, order by user_login. if ( empty( $orderby_array ) ) { $orderby_array[] = "user_login $order"; } $this->query_orderby = 'ORDER BY ' . implode( ', ', $orderby_array ); // Limit. if ( isset( $qv['number'] ) && $qv['number'] > 0 ) { if ( $qv['offset'] ) { $this->query_limit = $wpdb->prepare( 'LIMIT %d, %d', $qv['offset'], $qv['number'] ); } else { $this->query_limit = $wpdb->prepare( 'LIMIT %d, %d', $qv['number'] * ( $qv['paged'] - 1 ), $qv['number'] ); } } $search = ''; if ( isset( $qv['search'] ) ) { $search = trim( $qv['search'] ); } if ( $search ) { $leading_wild = ( ltrim( $search, '*' ) != $search ); $trailing_wild = ( rtrim( $search, '*' ) != $search ); if ( $leading_wild && $trailing_wild ) { $wild = 'both'; } elseif ( $leading_wild ) { $wild = 'leading'; } elseif ( $trailing_wild ) { $wild = 'trailing'; } else { $wild = false; } if ( $wild ) { $search = trim( $search, '*' ); } $search_columns = array(); if ( $qv['search_columns'] ) { $search_columns = array_intersect( $qv['search_columns'], array( 'ID', 'user_login', 'user_email', 'user_url', 'user_nicename', 'display_name' ) ); } if ( ! $search_columns ) { if ( false !== strpos( $search, '@' ) ) { $search_columns = array( 'user_email' ); } elseif ( is_numeric( $search ) ) { $search_columns = array( 'user_login', 'ID' ); } elseif ( preg_match( '|^https?://|', $search ) && ! ( is_multisite() && wp_is_large_network( 'users' ) ) ) { $search_columns = array( 'user_url' ); } else { $search_columns = array( 'user_login', 'user_url', 'user_email', 'user_nicename', 'display_name' ); } } /** * Filters the columns to search in a WP_User_Query search. * * The default columns depend on the search term, and include 'ID', 'user_login', * 'user_email', 'user_url', 'user_nicename', and 'display_name'. * * @since 3.6.0 * * @param string[] $search_columns Array of column names to be searched. * @param string $search Text being searched. * @param WP_User_Query $query The current WP_User_Query instance. */ $search_columns = apply_filters( 'user_search_columns', $search_columns, $search, $this ); $this->query_where .= $this->get_search_sql( $search, $search_columns, $wild ); } if ( ! empty( $include ) ) { // Sanitized earlier. $ids = implode( ',', $include ); $this->query_where .= " AND $wpdb->users.ID IN ($ids)"; } elseif ( ! empty( $qv['exclude'] ) ) { $ids = implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $qv['exclude'] ) ); $this->query_where .= " AND $wpdb->users.ID NOT IN ($ids)"; } // Date queries are allowed for the user_registered field. if ( ! empty( $qv['date_query'] ) && is_array( $qv['date_query'] ) ) { $date_query = new WP_Date_Query( $qv['date_query'], 'user_registered' ); $this->query_where .= $date_query->get_sql(); } /** * Fires after the WP_User_Query has been parsed, and before * the query is executed. * * The passed WP_User_Query object contains SQL parts formed * from parsing the given query. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @param WP_User_Query $query Current instance of WP_User_Query (passed by reference). */ do_action_ref_array( 'pre_user_query', array( &$this ) ); } /** * Execute the query, with the current variables. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. */ public function query() { global $wpdb; $qv =& $this->query_vars; /** * Filters the users array before the query takes place. * * Return a non-null value to bypass WordPress' default user queries. * * Filtering functions that require pagination information are encouraged to set * the `total_users` property of the WP_User_Query object, passed to the filter * by reference. If WP_User_Query does not perform a database query, it will not * have enough information to generate these values itself. * * @since 5.1.0 * * @param array|null $results Return an array of user data to short-circuit WP's user query * or null to allow WP to run its normal queries. * @param WP_User_Query $query The WP_User_Query instance (passed by reference). */ $this->results = apply_filters_ref_array( 'users_pre_query', array( null, &$this ) ); if ( null === $this->results ) { $this->request = "SELECT $this->query_fields $this->query_from $this->query_where $this->query_orderby $this->query_limit"; if ( is_array( $qv['fields'] ) || 'all' === $qv['fields'] ) { $this->results = $wpdb->get_results( $this->request ); } else { $this->results = $wpdb->get_col( $this->request ); } if ( isset( $qv['count_total'] ) && $qv['count_total'] ) { /** * Filters SELECT FOUND_ROWS() query for the current WP_User_Query instance. * * @since 3.2.0 * @since 5.1.0 Added the `$this` parameter. * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param string $sql The SELECT FOUND_ROWS() query for the current WP_User_Query. * @param WP_User_Query $query The current WP_User_Query instance. */ $found_users_query = apply_filters( 'found_users_query', 'SELECT FOUND_ROWS()', $this ); $this->total_users = (int) $wpdb->get_var( $found_users_query ); } } if ( ! $this->results ) { return; } if ( 'all_with_meta' === $qv['fields'] ) { cache_users( $this->results ); $r = array(); foreach ( $this->results as $userid ) { $r[ $userid ] = new WP_User( $userid, '', $qv['blog_id'] ); } $this->results = $r; } elseif ( 'all' === $qv['fields'] ) { foreach ( $this->results as $key => $user ) { $this->results[ $key ] = new WP_User( $user, '', $qv['blog_id'] ); } } } /** * Retrieve query variable. * * @since 3.5.0 * * @param string $query_var Query variable key. * @return mixed */ public function get( $query_var ) { if ( isset( $this->query_vars[ $query_var ] ) ) { return $this->query_vars[ $query_var ]; } return null; } /** * Set query variable. * * @since 3.5.0 * * @param string $query_var Query variable key. * @param mixed $value Query variable value. */ public function set( $query_var, $value ) { $this->query_vars[ $query_var ] = $value; } /** * Used internally to generate an SQL string for searching across multiple columns * * @since 3.1.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param string $string * @param array $cols * @param bool $wild Whether to allow wildcard searches. Default is false for Network Admin, true for single site. * Single site allows leading and trailing wildcards, Network Admin only trailing. * @return string */ protected function get_search_sql( $string, $cols, $wild = false ) { global $wpdb; $searches = array(); $leading_wild = ( 'leading' === $wild || 'both' === $wild ) ? '%' : ''; $trailing_wild = ( 'trailing' === $wild || 'both' === $wild ) ? '%' : ''; $like = $leading_wild . $wpdb->esc_like( $string ) . $trailing_wild; foreach ( $cols as $col ) { if ( 'ID' === $col ) { $searches[] = $wpdb->prepare( "$col = %s", $string ); } else { $searches[] = $wpdb->prepare( "$col LIKE %s", $like ); } } return ' AND (' . implode( ' OR ', $searches ) . ')'; } /** * Return the list of users. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @return array Array of results. */ public function get_results() { return $this->results; } /** * Return the total number of users for the current query. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @return int Number of total users. */ public function get_total() { return $this->total_users; } /** * Parse and sanitize 'orderby' keys passed to the user query. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param string $orderby Alias for the field to order by. * @return string Value to used in the ORDER clause, if `$orderby` is valid. */ protected function parse_orderby( $orderby ) { global $wpdb; $meta_query_clauses = $this->meta_query->get_clauses(); $_orderby = ''; if ( in_array( $orderby, array( 'login', 'nicename', 'email', 'url', 'registered' ), true ) ) { $_orderby = 'user_' . $orderby; } elseif ( in_array( $orderby, array( 'user_login', 'user_nicename', 'user_email', 'user_url', 'user_registered' ), true ) ) { $_orderby = $orderby; } elseif ( 'name' === $orderby || 'display_name' === $orderby ) { $_orderby = 'display_name'; } elseif ( 'post_count' === $orderby ) { // @todo Avoid the JOIN. $where = get_posts_by_author_sql( 'post' ); $this->query_from .= " LEFT OUTER JOIN ( SELECT post_author, COUNT(*) as post_count FROM $wpdb->posts $where GROUP BY post_author ) p ON ({$wpdb->users}.ID = p.post_author) "; $_orderby = 'post_count'; } elseif ( 'ID' === $orderby || 'id' === $orderby ) { $_orderby = 'ID'; } elseif ( 'meta_value' === $orderby || $this->get( 'meta_key' ) == $orderby ) { $_orderby = "$wpdb->usermeta.meta_value"; } elseif ( 'meta_value_num' === $orderby ) { $_orderby = "$wpdb->usermeta.meta_value+0"; } elseif ( 'include' === $orderby && ! empty( $this->query_vars['include'] ) ) { $include = wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['include'] ); $include_sql = implode( ',', $include ); $_orderby = "FIELD( $wpdb->users.ID, $include_sql )"; } elseif ( 'nicename__in' === $orderby ) { $sanitized_nicename__in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $this->query_vars['nicename__in'] ); $nicename__in = implode( "','", $sanitized_nicename__in ); $_orderby = "FIELD( user_nicename, '$nicename__in' )"; } elseif ( 'login__in' === $orderby ) { $sanitized_login__in = array_map( 'esc_sql', $this->query_vars['login__in'] ); $login__in = implode( "','", $sanitized_login__in ); $_orderby = "FIELD( user_login, '$login__in' )"; } elseif ( isset( $meta_query_clauses[ $orderby ] ) ) { $meta_clause = $meta_query_clauses[ $orderby ]; $_orderby = sprintf( 'CAST(%s.meta_value AS %s)', esc_sql( $meta_clause['alias'] ), esc_sql( $meta_clause['cast'] ) ); } return $_orderby; } /** * Parse an 'order' query variable and cast it to ASC or DESC as necessary. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @param string $order The 'order' query variable. * @return string The sanitized 'order' query variable. */ protected function parse_order( $order ) { if ( ! is_string( $order ) || empty( $order ) ) { return 'DESC'; } if ( 'ASC' === strtoupper( $order ) ) { return 'ASC'; } else { return 'DESC'; } } /** * Make private properties readable for backward compatibility. * * @since 4.0.0 * * @param string $name Property to get. * @return mixed Property. */ public function __get( $name ) { if ( in_array( $name, $this->compat_fields, true ) ) { return $this->$name; } } /** * Make private properties settable for backward compatibility. * * @since 4.0.0 * * @param string $name Property to check if set. * @param mixed $value Property value. * @return mixed Newly-set property. */ public function __set( $name, $value ) { if ( in_array( $name, $this->compat_fields, true ) ) { return $this->$name = $value; } } /** * Make private properties checkable for backward compatibility. * * @since 4.0.0 * * @param string $name Property to check if set. * @return bool Whether the property is set. */ public function __isset( $name ) { if ( in_array( $name, $this->compat_fields, true ) ) { return isset( $this->$name ); } } /** * Make private properties un-settable for backward compatibility. * * @since 4.0.0 * * @param string $name Property to unset. */ public function __unset( $name ) { if ( in_array( $name, $this->compat_fields, true ) ) { unset( $this->$name ); } } /** * Make private/protected methods readable for backward compatibility. * * @since 4.0.0 * * @param string $name Method to call. * @param array $arguments Arguments to pass when calling. * @return mixed Return value of the callback, false otherwise. */ public function __call( $name, $arguments ) { if ( 'get_search_sql' === $name ) { return $this->get_search_sql( ...$arguments ); } return false;